What are Kriyas?
Kriyas are cleansing techniques used to purify the body and mind which ultimately open the pathways of the body, the nadis, the energy body, the mind, and the heart. The purpose of kriya is to eliminate any blockages which prevent the proper absorption of pranic energy into the human organism.
Environmental pollution, adulteration of food and increased stress levels lead to increased toxins in the body and a strained internal system. Kriyas rid our bodies of all the toxins and strengthens the 72,000 nadis, which are the channels of energy in our body, forming a kind of electrical circuit system. Sickness is largely due to a problem in these electrical circuits.
How do Kriyas work?
The aim of kriyas is to create harmony between the two major pranic flows, ida and pingala, thereby attaining physical and mental purification and balance. Purification of the body of toxins is a must to ensure safe and successful progression along the spiritual path.
Psychologically, kriyas are excellent methods for clearing accumulated complexes, problems and suppressed thoughts in the mind, enabling the practitioner to witness what is surfacing.
6 main Kriyas
Yoga recommends six purification processes to get and keep the equilibrium of the body & mind They are called as Shat kriyas (six purification processes).
The process of cleaning the nasal passage by salt water is called as jala neti. The specially designed pot is used for this purpose called neti pot.
1. Jala neti is the best method to preventing and eliminating colds.
2. Very good to maintain and to increase the efficiency nasal passages.
3. it’s a very good method to overcome from sinusitis. If one practise jala neti with kaphala bhati he can over come from sinus problem with in a month.
4. Jala neti helps overcome migraine problems, depression, tension, etc.
5. The practice of jala neti makes the breathing easier, which leads to improved intake of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide. So the jalaneti practise is very good for overall health.
People suffering from chronic nose bleeding should not do neti unless experts advise.
1. Always practice kaphalabhati after neti practice, it will helpful to remove the remaining water content from the nose.
2. In traditional Yoga techniques, milk and ghee also used instead of salt water.
3. The water used for the practice should be pure and lukewarm…
‘Nauli’ is the yogic cleansing process; which will rejuvenate the whole digestive system.
One of the best yogic process to improve the function of whole digestive system.
Helpful to overcome from constipation.
Increase the efficiency of pancreas, so best practise to prevent and overcome from diabetes.
Nauli practise prevents sexual deficiency.
Helps to increase general vitality of the body.
It activates all organs of the abdominal region, makes abdominal muscles stronger, so very good to maintain health.
The people suffering from high bloodpressure, hernia, peptic ulcer, liver problems should not practise nauli kriya.
• Beginning days practise 2-3 times a day, gradually increase up to 6 rounds.
• Best time for the practise is early morning, other wise 6 hours after food.
The yogic practice of Dhauti helps to clean the stomach of the unwanted food particles left over after digestion. It is practiced on an empty stomach in the early morning. It is process where the practitioner drinks large amount of saline water and vomits out the entire water, thus flushing the stomach clean.
This practice cleans the digestive tract of any undigested food particles lingering in the stomach and esophagus. This undigested food can eventually enter the body as toxins. Kunjal kriya prevents the formation of these toxins.
Cleaning the stomach also removes gas, acidity and indigestion.
It removes extra mucus from the food pipe or esophagus.
It helps to relieve asthma, bronchitis and other respiratory problems.
It can alleviate sore throat and coughs.
This practice is also used in Ayurveda and Naturopathy. It removes the problems created by ‘Pitha Dosha’ like acidity and gas.
LIMITATIONS & NOTES:
Dhauti Kriya is fairly easy to practice and can be done even by beginners.
Those with specific medical conditions like asthma, stomach ulcers, etc should seek the help from qualified yoga instructors before attempting it.
‘Kaphala’ means cranium; ‘bhati’ means shining or splendour. This is a kriya or cleansing process which cleanses the impurities of the Kaphala region and makes it shine with purity, so it called as Kaphalabhati
1. Kaphalabhati relaxes the facial muscles and nerves.
2. As per some classical texts of yoga regular practise of kaphalabhati helps to prevent aging process.
3. Very good cure respiratory disorders like asthma, bronchitis.
4. Increases the lungs capacity, makes the lungs strong.
5. One of the good practises to cure sinusitis.
6. Spiritually the kapahalabhati practice helpful to awaken ajna chakra.
LIMMITATIONS & NOTES:
• People suffering from hypertension and heart problems should not do Kaphalabhati.
• Beginning you may feel giddiness while practising, so practise 2 minutes, relax again repeat two more minutes…
Basti is the Hatha Yoga method of performing an enema. Basti is one of the Shatkarma or the six purification techniques mentioned in the yogic texts – Hatha Yoga Pradeepika and the Gheranda Samhita. It is aimed at cleaning the lower intestines and the colon, removing toxins and cooling the body. This method is also used with its variations in traditional medicine practice of Ayurveda and Naturopathy.
This process has to be learned from a qualified yoga instructor.
The large intestine can have impurities stuck to its walls, which don’t get expelled for days. Basti removes these impurities and cleans the colon, thus detoxifying the large intestine.
It relieves gas formation in the large intestine.
Basti is also a good practice followed by advanced practitioners of pranayama. During intense pranayama, lot of heat is generated in the body. To remove this heat, practitioners can sit (up to navel) in a flowing river and practice Basti. Drawing the cold water in through the anus and then expelling it, removes the heat from the body.
Basti is a common practice used in Ayurveda and naturopathy for detoxification of body.
Basti helps those who go on long fasts. During long water fasts, the regular stool movements are almost absent. Yet, lot of toxins get expelled from the body and is pushed into the small and large intestine. These toxins have to be taken out of the body. Usually an enema is given to remove these impurities stuck to the intestinal walls. Those who know Basti can practice it to get the ‘enema effect’.
LIMMITATIONS & NOTES:
Today, most people do enema using a simple enema kit, which is available in most medical stores. This is an easy alternative to the practice of Basti in the Hatha Yoga style.
An enema has the same effect and much easier to do for most people. In Naturopathy and Ayurveda, warm water (about 1 liters) boiled with Neem leaves is used for doing enema. Neem leaf is a good disinfectant.
The water container is connected with a long tube that is inserted in to the rectum. The water (about a liter or more) is allowed to enter the rectum. It is held there for few minutes according to the capacity of the practitioner. Then one goes to the toilet and expels out the entire water along with human waste.
‘Trataka’ means to ‘gauze steadily’. Tratak is a process of concentrating the mind and curbing its oscillating tendencies. In general in trataka practice continues gauzing on the flame of candle is to be done
Trataka is good for overcome from eye problems as per Gheranda samhitha, one of the classical texts of yoga, trataka can cure 20 types of eyes disorders.
2. Regular practice of trataka is helpful to overcome from depression, insomnia, allergy, anxiety problems.
3. Especially good to increase and memory power in Children.
4. In some extent trataka helpful to overcome from postural problems.
5. Trataka practice awakens the ajna chakra.
LIMMITATIONS & NOTES:
The trataka can be done at any time; but the most suitable time is early morning after practice of asnas and pranayamas one has to practice trataka.
• The symbols or objects like crystal ball, Shiva lingam, full moon, star, the symbol of ‘Om’ also use instead of candles.
• The candle flame is useful; but the best is the ghee lamp, because its flame intensity is very good for eyes.
• Beginnings just start with two or three minutes of practices, after few days one can increase up to 10 minutes.